Silk Tassel Family

Coast Silk Tassel © AFengler

Garryaceae (gare-ee-AY-see-ee)

Iconic Features

    • Evergreen shrubs and small trees
    • Opposite leaves
    • Dioecious, with male and female catkins

    Description (Jepson)

      • Evergreen shrubs and small trees
      • Eudicotyledons (eudicots) – a major lineage of flowering plants including most plants traditionally described as dicots and generally characterized by
        • 2 seed leaves (dicotyledon)
        • Netted (reticulate) leaf venation
        • Flower parts in fours and fives
        • Pollen grains with 3 pores (tricolpate)
        • Vascular bundles in stem arranged in a ring
        • Taproot system
      • Leaves
        • Opposite (2 leaves at each junction with stem) and simple (not divided into leaflets)
        • Dark green to gray-green, leathery, ovate
      • Flowers
        • Inflorescence (flower arrangement) a catkin (long hanging cluster of small, petalless, unisexual flowers)
        • Male and female flowers on separate plants (dioecious)
        • Ovary inferior (below the attachment of other flower parts)
      • Fruit is a berry (a usually multi-seeded fruit with a fleshy ovary wall)

      Notes

        • Small family of plants, commonly known as silk tassels (or silktassels)
          • Consists of 1 genus (Garrya) of 14 species found in temperate and subtropical regions of western United States, Central America, and the Caribbean
        • Scientific name from the single genus Garrya, for Nicholas Garry (c. 1782-1856), deputy governor of the Hudson Bay Company, in honor of the aid he provided to David Douglas in his 1826 exploration of the Pacific Northwest
        • Coast silk tassel (Garrya elliptica) is the only representative of this family at Edgewood

        See General References

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